posted by adme @ 5:39pm, Monday 28 June 2010.
Satu sampel laporan lama mengenai kandungan seminar yang dihadiri.
1.0 KANDUNGAN SEMINAR.
1.1 HARI PERTAMA, 14HB OKTOBER 1996.
i. Briefing and opening ceremony.
ii. Lecture: “Development of Steel Structure in Japan”.
The importance of standardization in every aspects was highlighted to promote wider usage and industrialization of steel poducts.It was said that the origination and development of pipe type steel sheet pile with high stiffness property has been done by Japanese. Various structural steel types such as weathering steel, FR steel etc were highlighted.
However, little was said about Japanese codes of practice (but similar to American’s) or on any information about composite design methods.
1.2 HARI KEDUA, 15HB OKTOBER 1996.
i. Lecture: “Corrosion Protection of Steel Structures”.
ii. Lecture: “Steel Slag as Construction Material”.
Usefull scientific explainations were given on the origination and processes that cause corrosion on steel elements.Corrosion protection methods and materials were mentioned.Information on corrosion detection method (instrumentation and theoretical data interpretation) was only a brief glance through.
Innovative usage of steel slag was highlighted. Slag contains decompossible components, therefore its utilization as construction material will not supersede the criteria of the normally used aggregate. Abundance of slag as steel byproduct is relevant to be used in area nearby sources of the product and restricted as road-base material and as such only?.
1.3 HARI KETIGA, 16HB OKTOBER 1996.
i. Lecture: “Advanced Technologies for Steel Construction”.
ii. Site visit: “RC Yokohama Building”.
Advantages of using steel structures were highlighted. Brief outlines on modern/advanced technologies used in steel high-rise buildings with various structural bracing systems were mentioned. An example of the design approach used for the Shenzen Building recently constructed in China was given.
The construction method for the RC Yokohama is unique as such that it could be said an all-weather factory assembly lines (horizotal and vertical) were brought to the construction site. The building is the second to employ such method in Japan.
1.4 HARI KEEMPAT, 17HB OKTOBER 1996.
i. Lecture: “Steel Structures in Foundation Work”.
ii. Lecture: “Steel House”.
A very good coverage on the availability of various kind of steel sheet piles with the types of adjacent joints and environmentally friendly driving methods were given.
Steel-framed house is a new way to build house in which R&D of Japan is collecting data for the recommendation submition to their Housing Board. Potentially a prefered method to build houses as most structural components and architectural finishes can be mass produced in factories where qualities are better guaranteed. However, only wooden plank/board was shown to be used as above the ground flooring material.
1.5 HARI KELIMA, 18HB OKTOBER 1996.
i. Factory and site visits :
a) Kilang Nippon Steel Corporation (Kimitsu Works).
b) Steel House (Kimitsu Lab).
c) Steel Reinforced Concrete Road Construction,
Narita New Tokyo International Airport.
1.6 HARI KEENAM, 19HB OKTOBER 1996 - rehat.
1.7 HARI KETUJUH, 20HB OKTOBER 1996 - rehat.
1.8 HARI KELAPAN, 21HB OKTOBER 1996.
i. Lecture: “Introduction to Welding and Inspection”.
ii. Laboratory tour: “Welding Lab. of Kobe Steel Ltd.”
Very interesting and useful information was shown from video on ‘Arc welding phenomena’. Various available arc welding methods were discussed. Employment of welding robots in factories has gained high quality weld. It was noticed that a lot of research works are being carried out, definitely at cost, using advanced technics and instrumentations to dig out more informations for better understanding behaviours of the material God created which we call iron/steel/keluli/tnitsu.
1.9 HARI KESEMBILAN, 22HB OKTOBER 1996.
i. Lecture: “Port Construction”.
ii. Lecture: “Guidance For Construction of Steel Bridges”.
Important parameters in the design of harbour were given where two methods of pile analyses were recommended with the relevant assumptions. Video on the construction of Kansai International Airport showed a superb engineering works and fine planning where massive cylindrical steel caissons were in the fore play.
Advantages of steel bridges were highlighted. Various types of steel bridge were explained with the relevant analytical rational and assumptions behind the adopted shape. Japan has many types of bridge, breathtaking in spans and as imaginable in shapes.
1.10 HARI KESEPULUH, 23HB OKTOBER 1996.
i. Site visits :
a) Projek “Trans-Tokyo Bay Highway”.
b) Projek “Fuchu-Yotsuya Bridge”.
1.11 HARI KESEBELAS, 24HB OKTOBER 1996.
i. Visits :
a) Kilang Yokogawa Bridge Works Ltd (Chiba Works).
b) Kompleks Tokyo Big Sights.
1.12 HARI KEDUABELAS, 25HB OKTOBER 1996.
i. Perbincangan mengenai seminar dan Majlis Penyampaian Sijil.
1.2 FAEDAH KEPADA PEGAWAI DAN ORGANISASI.
Tujuan penganjur seminar adalah antara lainnya untuk memperluaskan penggunaan keluli di bidang pembinaan. Oleh itu maklumat-maklumat yang disampaikan adalah untuk dimanafaatkan apabila cara pembinaan keluli dipilihganti (alternative) kepada konkrit dan kayu yang lazim digunakan dalam industri pembinaan Malaysia. Faktor-faktor seperti tempoh pembinaan yang singkat, penggunaan pekerja yang sedikit, kebersihan dan keadaan tapak bina yang teratur sememangnya menarik pelanggan untuk mencubanya. Kaedah penahanan karatan/ kikisan yang baik boleh menjarakkan kekerapan penyelenggaraan bangunan keluli setanding bangunan konkrit. Faktor kos adalah suatu perkara yang bolih dikaji samada bagi jangka pendek dan panjang mengambilkira faktor-faktor tersebut di atas.
Walau apapun yang diperolihi dari seminar tersebut yang sememangnya berfaedah, tempuh dan kandungan topik-topik adalah ketat. Rangkuman topik-topik secara menyeluruh dan terperinci perlu diperolihi dari kursus yang khusus atau “attachment program”.
Adalah dicadangkan di sini supaya wakil dari Perwaja khususnya dalam bidang metalugis menyertai juga seminar tersebut pada masa akan datang agar teknologi pembuatan keluli Negara ini akan setanding kualitinya.